#### Objectives

- Students will understand how a unit square can be divided into an infinite number of pieces.
- Students will understand a justification for the following theorem: The sum of the infinite geometric series 1/2 + 1/4 + 1/8 + 1/16 + ... = 1.
- Students will be able to explain why the sum of an infinite geometric series is a finite number if and only if |r| < 1.

#### Vocabulary

- geometric series
- infinite series
- ratio of a geometric series
- sigma notation

#### About the Lesson

This lesson involves clicking on a slider to see that the area of a square that has been systematically divided into an infinite number of pieces approaches 1.

As a result, students will:

- Connect the area of a square with the sum of the series 1/2 + 1/4 + 1/8 + 1/16... and realize that the sum is 1.
- Examine several infinite geometric series with various ratios to determine that the sum of an infinite geometric series is a finite number if and only if |r|<1.