Education Technology

Statistics: Trend or Noise?
by Texas Instruments


  • Students will recognize that samples from a population typically have smaller variability than the population.
  • Students will recognize that many reported patterns are really nothing but random noise and not patterns at all.
  • Students will recognize that small samples might have more variability than large samples.


  • distribution
  • boxplots
  • interquartile range (IQR)
  • mean
  • median
  • sample

About the Lesson

This lesson involves investigating aspects of statistical information reported in the media or other venues, aspects that are often misunderstood by those unfamiliar with sampling.
As a result, students will:

  • Look at a randomly-generated distribution of student achievement scores for a whole grade and for the individual classes in that grade
  • Analyze boxplots of the data and observe the variation among the classes, identifying a class that seems to have higher scores.
  • Analyze the distribution of the mean scores for each class in the grade and relate it to the distribution of the scores for the entire grade.
  • Choose one of the teachers' classes and examine the scores for that teacher across consecutive years, looking for trends or seemingly large changes.