Education Technology

Biology: Transcription and Translation

by Texas Instruments - Simulation Lesson


  • Students will understand what the Central Dogma of Biology entails.
  • Students will identify the locations and outcomes of transcription and translation in eukaryotes.
  • Students will describe the key cellular machinery used in transcription and translation.


  • DNA
  • Protein
  • Nucleus
  • Translation
  • Polymerase
  • Amino acid
  • Anti-Codon
  • RNA
  • Enzyme
  • Transcription
  • Ribosome
  • Nucleic acid
  • Codon

About the Lesson

Using simulations and models, students will interact with both the transcription and translation machinery. Assessments are embedded in the activity to engage discussion and gauge learning.  A guided lesson video (optional) is also available for this activity. The video is targeted at students and designed to help guide them through the interactive exploration and the concepts covered within.

As a result, students will:

  • Learn the components involved in transcription of RNA, including DNA and RNA polymerase.
  • Be introduced to three types of RNA and their functions: mRNA, rRNA, and tRNA.
  • Learn the components involved in translation, including the ribosome and amino acids.