#### Understanding

It is important to make the relationship between dot plots and their corresponding box plots explicit: i.e., 1) a summary as represented in a box plot will not show gaps and clusters and 2) very different distributions can have the same box plot.

### What to look for

Help students realize that the number of data values in any of the four intervals in the box plot is approximately $\frac{1}{4}$ of all of the values and the spread of the data values in any one interval is reflected in the size of the IQR.### Sample Assessment

The plot below shows the results of a survey of households about the number of dogs in the household. Identify the following statements as true or false. Explain your reasoning in each case.

a. The maximum number of dogs in any house is 8.

b. At least (1/2) of the houses have 2 or more dogs.

c. Every house in the survey had at least 1 dog.

d. Half of the houses surveyed have between 1 and 4 dogs.

Answer:

a. True, because the segment at the top goes to 8.

b. True, because 2 is the median.

c. False, because the lower segment starts at 0 so at least one household does not have a dog as a pet.

d. True, because the interval between the LQ and UQ goes from 1 to 4 and that marks off the middle half of the data.