
Conclusion: The effective use of TINavigator in Algebra teaching improves achievement an average of 14% more. Classroom Connectivity in Mathematics and Science
In the first year of a largescale, multistate experimental study of the effects of TINavigator use in Algebra 1, the treatment group outperformed the control group in algebra performance. The size of the effect was moderate (e.s.=.30, or about 14%difference in treatmentcontrol group achievement), and occurred among items involving the coordinate plane, the most visual content. Note that the control group used TI84 graphing calculators without TINavigator, so the effect can be attributed to changes in teaching surrounding use of TINavigator.

The Connected Algebra Classroom: A Randomized Control Trial (website)
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Conclusion: Research shows that students tend to score higher on mathematics achievement tests when the teacher knows, through a networkconnected classroom, more about how students are thinking about mathematics. Center for Technology in Learning In experimental studies at The Ohio State University and York University, and in a controlled study of MathForward sites, the TINavigator system was used to create a “connected classroom” in which teachers were able to easily gain more information about students’ mathematical thinking. Each of the studies employed a rigorous design and found clear benefits for student achievement, as well as other important variables such as students’ selfefficacy and enjoyment of mathematics classrooms. We emphasize that for these benefits to occur, teachers must leverage additional information about students thinking in their practice–for example, by adapting instruction to better fit students’ needs.

Reference: (Center for Technology in Learning 2009)


Conclusion: TINavigator is shown to increase student achievement in academic math classes. York University This quasiexperimental study provides moderately strong evidence that:
 In the main implementation year of the study, academic math classes using TINavigator with PD learned significantly more than similar classes without TINavigator. A nonsignificant but positive trend also was found in the applied classes, which also showed other positive effects.
 A followup longitudinal analysis of a subset of participants the following year showed continued positive effects in qualitative data. The subset was too small for adequately sensitive quantitative analysis.
 Teachers were very positive about the effects of TINavigator use on students, noting that students enjoyed the activities and were motivated to participate.
The researchers concluded that use of TINavigator can encourage a more open pedagogy (i.e., one that is in line with NCTM precepts) when teachers believe that mathematics is socially constructed and that mathematics teaching must involve students in investigating and discussing mathematics.

Reference: (Sinclair, Owston et al. 2009)


Conclusion: In a GearUp program’s first year using TINavigator, high performing students increased their TAKS scores significantly, while the program had no effect on low performing students. University of Texas  Austin The Gear Up III Creating a Vision project is a mathematics education intervention program implemented in 7 small school districts in the rural area surrounding the Laredo, Texas area with primarily Hispanic students. The 20082009 academic year was the first year of implementation using the TINavigator system with TI 84 graphing calculators. High performing students increased their TAKS scores significantly, while the program had no effect on low performing students.

Reference: (Pham 2009)


Conclusion: The effective use of the TINavigator system helps students succeed in Algebra more than graphing calculators alone, by improving conceptual understanding, engagement and time on task University of Texas A quasiexperimental study of the TINavigator system in a Texas Algebra classroom concluded that use of the TINavigator system as prescribed in the intervention was effective in improving outcomes related to learning the Algebra objectives assessed on the 9th Grade TAKS.

Reference: (Stroup, Carmona et al. 2005)


University of Hawaii An experimental study of two 8th grade Algebra 1 classes, both using TI84 Plus Silver Edition graphing calculators and one using the TINavigator system, compared achievement on conceptual and skill items based on the study of linear equations. The study found:

•  Students showed improvement in the areas of conceptual understanding, classroom interactions, quantity and quality of responses, time on task and time to start tasks when teachers incorporated the TINavigator system with graphing calculators into their instruction.

•  Item analysis showed that both classes performed at the same skill level on graphing, but the class that also used the TINavigator system experienced greater conceptual understanding.

•  Use of the TINavigator system prompts students to engage on tasks faster, remain focused, and take part in productive group interaction.

•  Observational data showed that response times by students using the TINavigator system to initiate tasks was significantly faster compared to students using only graphing calculators. The time on the task was reported to be longer as well. The same data shows that the TINavigator system provided indepth discussion points, leading to improved student interaction and collaboration. 
Reference: (Dougherty, Akana et al. 2005)


Conclusion: TINspireNavigator supports emergence of range of formative assessment practices. University of Chichester It is generally accepted that the introduction of networked technologies to the mathematics classroom can stimulate an irreversible change within the classroom concerning: the role of the teacher; the nature of the classroom tasks; and the way in which students engage in the process of learning mathematics. This qualitative study of teachers' developing practices with the TINspire Navigator describes the emergence of a range of formative assessment practices. The implication of these practices on desirable learning opportunities (as described by the teachers themselves) is discussed.

Reference: (ClarkWilson 2010)


Conclusion: Use of TINavigator prompted two 7th grade teachers to change their style of questioning and led to more sophisticated student thinking.. University of Hawaii For two seventhgrade teachers who are participants in project FANC, three changes were observed. First, the use of technology prompted each teacher to reconsider his instructional approach and the manner in which he interacted with students. Changes included: (1) more openquestioning; (2) students were able to process the content in a more sophisticated way; (3) dilemmas for each teacher in how to use the formative assessment information made available by the networked technology.

Reference: (Slovin, Olson et al. 2010)


Conclusion: Effective implementation of TINavigator depends on four principles of use. University of Florida
The Ohio State University
Classroom Connectivity Technology (CCT) can serve as a tool for creating contexts in which students engage in mathematical thinking leading to understanding. We theorize four principles of effective mathematics instruction incorporating CCT based on examination of teachers? use of CCT within their Algebra I classrooms across four years. Effective implementation of CCT is dependent upon (1) the creation and implementation of mathematical tasks that support examination of patterns leading to generalizations and conceptual development; (2) classroom interactions that focus mathematical thinking within students and the collective class; (3) formative assessment leading to teachers? and students? increased knowledge of students? present understandings; and (4) sustained engagement in mathematical thinking. Each of these principles is discussed in term of its implications for teacher knowledge (TPACK)

Reference: (Pape, Irving et al. (in press))
